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Gardener's Guide

November In Your Garden

  • Plant spring-flowering bulbs, perennials, shrubs, and trees.

  • Clean-up of all beds and garden areas should be undertaken  as soon as the plants are bloomed out or killed by frost.

  • Water when dry; give regular, deep waterings.

  • If lawn is over seeded with domestic ryegrass, keep moist until seed germinates.

  • Fertilize established lawns so they can store enough food for winter.

  • Spray or dust as needed to control pests and diseases.

  • Dig summer-flowering bulbs, corms, and tubers that are not winter-hardy; dry off and store.

  • Cut chrysanthemums, asters, and peonies back to the ground when bloom is over.

  • Brace or stake recently planted trees and shrubs before winter.

  • Mulch all beds heavily for added winter protection.

  • Dig and divide perennials and ornamental grasses.

  • Prune late-summer and fall-blooming shrubs.

  • Clean gutters and downspouts. Gutter overflow can damage or kill plants.

  • After roses lose their leaves, rake up the spent foliage and old mulch to help prevent diseases from overwintering in the soil. Add fresh mulch.

Tip of the Month

     Here's a way to keep grass from growing into your flower bed without laying down a wooden or brick border. Just work up the soil a couple of inches deep along the edge. Stir in a little dry cement mix. Then when you water the garden, the dirt edge will harden, and grass will not grow through it.

December In Your Garden

  • Plant fruit trees, shrubs and trees, pansies, and perennials.

  • Water lawn regularly in dry areas; mow as needed.

  • Feed winter-blooming plants, like primroses, pansies, and camellias; violets and pecans should be fertilized with a formula high in potash. Withhold food from other plants in which dormancy should be encouraged at this time.

  • Mulch all beds heavily to prepare for upcoming winter.

  • Prune grapes as soon as they become dormant; remove one-third to one-half of old wood and thin out undergrowth; prune roses as they become dormant and shrubs as they finish blooming.

Tip of the Month

     Squirrels seem to love some bulbs to the dismay of the gardener. Some people respond to this by planting twice as many bulbs as they wish to see flower, in the hope that the bulbs won't all be devoured.
     Many gardeners swear by mixing daffodils or Fritillaria bulbs in with others because squirrels seem to be repelled by these varieties.
     You may also use sheets of wire mesh or screen in the soil just above the bulbs. the foliage has no trouble getting through, but the squirrels have trouble doing so.

Holiday Plant Care Tips

Poinsettia - water well when the top inch of soil becomes dry. If they are wrapped in foil, punch holes in the bottom so the excess water can drain.
Christmas Cactus - will bloom longer if it is kept away from heat sources. Locate your plant in the coolest portion of the room with plenty of light.
Live Christmas Trees - should be kept indoors for only about two weeks. The longer it stays in after that, the more you reduce your chances of it living in your yard. Move it gradually out into the cold before planting.

2014 Leary Plant Farm, Inc.
Edenton, North Carolina 27932